WEBROOT – INSIGHTS INTO THREATS AND TRENDS FROM OUR INTERNET SECURITY EXPERTS
Category Archives: Keyloggers
Software designed to record the keystrokes (and also, more recently, images of on-screen activity). Keyloggers frequently operate surreptitiously, to the detriment of the person whose computer is being monitored, but can also be used ‘in the open’ for legitimate business purposes, such as for monitoring the efficiency of data entry clerks.
In 2013, Liberty Reserve and Web Money remain the payment method of choice for the majority of Russian/Eastern European cybercriminals. Cybercrime-as-a-Service underground market propositions, malware crypters, R.A.Ts (Remote Access Trojans), brute-forcing tools etc. virtually every underground market product/service is available for purchase through the use of these ubiquitous virtual currencies.
What’s the situation on the international underground market? Next to accepting PayPal and consequently all major credit cards, we’ve been observing an increase in market propositions starting to accept Bitcoins. Is this a trend or a fad, and does the currency’s P2P model about to be embraced ecosystem-wide due to its (current) pseudo-anonymous model?
Everyday, new vendors offering malicious software enter the underground marketplace. And although many will fail to differentiate their underground market proposition in market crowded with reputable, trusted and verified sellers, others will quickly build their reputation on the basis of their “innovative” work, potentially stealing some market share and becoming rich by offering the tools necessary to facilitate cybercrime.
Publicly announced in late 2012, the IRC/HTTP based DDoS bot that I’ll profile in this post has been under constant development. From its initial IRC-based version, the bot has evolved into a HTTP-based one, supporting 10 different DDoS attack techniques as well as possessing a featuring allowing it to heuristically and proactively remove competing malware on the affected hosts, such as, for instance, ZeuS, Citadel or SpyEye.
Pitched by its author as a Remote Access Tool, the DIY (do it yourself) malware that I’ll profile in this post is currently cracked, and available for both novice, and experienced cybercriminals to take advantage of at selected cybercrime-friendly communities.
With all the recent media coverage and extreme changes of the BitCoin value, it should come as no surprise that malware authors are trying to capitalize on the trends. These people attempt to make money on all sorts of digital transactions and it’s probably a safe bet to expect their rapid expansion into the up-and-coming Digital Currency market.
The Webroot Threat Research Department has already seen many malware campaigns targeting BitCoin users. The recent explosion (and subsequent implosion) of the BitCoin value has expedited the need for custom compiled BitCoin harvesters and the malware authors are happy to abide.
What’s greed to some cybercriminals, is profit maximization to others, especially in times when we’re witnessing the maturing state of the modern cybercrime ’enterprise’. Many enter this vibrant marketplace as vendors without really realizing that, thanks to the increasing transparency within the cybercrime ecosystem, their basic and valued added services will be directly benchmarked against a competing vendor, sometime rendering their unique value proposition completely irrelevant. Others will take a different approach by releasing a ‘life cycle aware’ underground market ad and will still manage to generate some revenue, as well as secure a decent number of customers in the long-term.
In this post, I’ll profile a ‘life cycle aware’ underground market ad for a private keylogger, relying on a limited number of licenses for its business model.
In a diversified underground marketplace, where multiple market players interact with one another on a daily basis, there are the “me too” developers, and the true “innovators” whose releases have the potential to cause widespread damage, ultimately resulting in huge financial losses internationally.
In this post, I’ll profile one such underground market release known as as “Zerokit, 0kit or the ring0 bundle” bootkit which was originally advertised at a popular invite-only/vetted cybercrime-friendly community back in 2011. I’ll emphasize on its core features, offer an inside peek into its administration panel, and discuss the novel “licensing” scheme used by its author, namely, to offer access to the bootkit in exchange for tens of thousands of malware-infected hosts on a monthly basis.
Utilizing basic site ‘stickiness’ and visitor retention practices, over the years, cybercrime-friendly communities have been vigorously competing to attract, satisfy, and retain their visitors. From exclusive services available only to community members, to DIY cybercrime-friendly tools, the practice is still a common way for the community administrators to boost the underground reputation of their forum.
However, there are certain communities that will use the underground reputation of their forum to boost their sales, by releasing private DIY cybercrime-friendly tools, and promoting them under the umbrella of the community brand.
In this post, I’ll profile a HTTP/SMTP-based keylogger that’s been commercially available to members of a cybercrime-friendly community since 2011.
With more DIY malware botnets and DIY malware generating tools continuing to leak at public cybercrime-friendly forums, today’s novice cybercriminals have access to sophisticated point’n'click malware generating tools that were once only available in the arsenal of the experienced cybercriminal.
In this post, I’ll profile a recently leaked DIY malware generating tool, discuss its core features, and emphasize on its relevance in the context of the big picture when it comes to ongoing waves of malicious activity we’ve been monitoring over the years.
Despite the fact that on the majority of occasions cybercriminals tend to rely on efficient and automated exploitation techniques like the ones utilized by the market leading Black Hole Exploit Kit, they are no strangers to good old fashioned ‘visual social engineering’ tricks. Throughout 2012, we emphasized on the emerging trend of using malicious DIY Java applet distribution tools for use in targeted attacks, or widespread campaigns.
Is this still an emerging trend? Let’s find out. In this post, I’ll profile one of the most recently released DIY Java applet distribution platforms, both version 1.0 and version 2.0.